The Principles of Comunism


Principles of Communism was Engels' first draft of a declarative, defining document for the communist movement. It was written when Engels was 27, and just prior to the great Europe-wide revolutions of 1848-9. As such, the passionate certainty of youth, coupled with the expectant exuberance of the times, results in a piece bursting with confidence, if not, at times, naivete.

 It's an important document from both a historical perspective as a precursor to the Communist Manifesto, it puts in perspective Marx's imprint on that document and for its concise presentation of some basic ideas (later much more fully developed) of "scientific socialism."

 ONLINE VERSION: Translation by Paul Sweeney.
Transcribed for the Internet by (1993).


 Back to homepage