J. R. R. Tolkien was born in Bloemfontein,
South Africa, but spent the majority of his life in Oxford,
England -- first as a student, then as a don (professor) at the University.
He married Edith Bratt in 1916, and they had four children, all of whom
shared his middle name, 'Reuel', including his daughter Priscilla.
Tolkien the Perfectionist
Tolkien died before finishing the Silmarillion, the
great history of his imaginary universe. The work was under constant revision
(and expansion) through most of his life. His son, Christopher Tolkien,
was able to complete it and publish a set of 'histories' of Middle Earth
using his father's notes and unfinished manuscripts. These now contain
eleven volumes of material from J.R.R. Tolkien's notes on the languages,
legends, and people of his fictitious universe.
Tolkien's Scholarly Work
In addition to being one of the pre-eminent fantasy writers
of our century, Tolkien was a scholar of the Anglo-Saxon and Norse languages.
He was a translator, critic, and philologist (classical linguist.) He worked
as a translator of the Jerusalem Bible and wrote definitions and
researched word origins for the Oxford English Dictionary. His works
of translation and criticism include Sir
Gawain and the Green Knight and Beowulf and the Critics.
For more information about such academic endeavours, please
The Electronic Beowulf
A Tolkien Bibliography,
including scholarly works and criticism.